Dr. Nagaraju Gundimeda, M.A., Ph.D
Lecturer (Sr. Grade),
Department of Sociology,
School of Social Sciences,
University of Hyderabad
Ph: 040-23133263, Cell: 09949314204
FROM CARRION TO CLARION
Protest is an inherent feature of human society. The progress of any society tends to be determined by the degree of social protest. India is not an exception to this phenomenon. Indian society witnessed a wide range of protest movements differentiated by ideologies, methods and objectives in different historical conjunctures. Literature is one of the dominant agencies to reflect the social reality and question the forms of discrimination and levels of deprivation in diverse spheres of society.
The roots of literary protest movements in Andhra Pradesh could be traced back to Anti-caste movements primarily led by the Shudra castes in South India in general and the peasant castes in particular in colonial Andhra. The anti-caste movement paved the way for the rise of Dalit literature and cultural assertion. Although the ideological foundation of the Dalit movement is laid for social liberty, educational employment equality and provision for political participation, the ideological foundation itself is brought under critical scrutiny and it is subjected to a lot of criticism from multiple quarters in the wake of sub-caste protest movement within the Dalit community in Andhra Pradesh.
Dalita Sahityam: Madiga Drukpatham aptly captures community concerns and traces out the rich cultural heritage of the Madigas in carving a significant place in Telugu society. Dr. Darla VenkateswaraRao, one of the youngest poets, a dynamic scholar and rational literary critique, covered a wide range of issues and mapped out the contributions of literary personalities in developing Dalit literature and Dalit epistemology. Although the book provides the historical context of Dalit literary movements, the objective of the author is to contextualize the rise of Dandora movement and develop an alternative cultural perspective based on the social experiences of the marginalized groups such as Madigas. The author forcefully argues that the sense of deprivation in the state sponsored educational and employment institutions in addition to the political marginalization led to the formation of the Madiga Dandora movement whose primary demand is for sub-classification of reservation in proportion to caste population. It also demands adequate recognition to the Madiga culture and literature. The kind of perspective developed by Darla is thought provoking and his presentation of the Madiga perspective is democratic in spirit and secular in ideology.
I take this opportunity to congratulate ‘Darlanna’ for choosing a serious issue of contemporary relevance and delineating the ideological experiences as an insider. This work, I hope, would definitely enrich the treasury of academic knowledge and accomplishes the aspirations of subaltern epistemology in general and the aspirations of Madigas in particular.
- Nagaraju Gundimeda